A REVIEW OF LIBERIA'S ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH OVER THE LAST FIVE YEARS
Keywords:Water Sanitation and Hygiene, loss of Biodiversity, Degradation of natural resources, Water Pollution
Several environmental studies have examined the African continent's nature and risks of viruses and infectious diseases. However, health research is scant to raise awareness of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) and coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Africa. To meet the stated goals of this study, four questions were posed and responded to. Additionally, this study used a survey methodology that relied on scholarly reviews and areas related to the study topic extracted from Google scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science (WoB). Also, a vast majority of the respondents engaged in anti-Ebola and COVID-19 health practices due to the favorable influence of Liberia's government efforts to promote health and sanitation awareness. Poor water sanitation and hygiene, loss of biodiversity, degradation of natural resources, incorrect waste management, and water pollution can significantly affect the environment. It is possible to attain sustainable and sound environmental health, but it takes careful planning, policies, adherence to the law, and a system to handle obstacles. Open defecation has escalated into a severe environmental hazard in Liberia, with 42% of the household participating. Only 35% of families in the south-central region have access to basic Sanitation. The study also examined whether water, Agriculture, Sanitation, and Health (WASH) coverage should be expanded nationwide. To avoid spreading contagious diseases, the study advises that continual awareness-raising programs be launched. The study looked at Liberia's environmental health over the past five years.